FEMALE EXECUTIVE. EFFA L. MANLEY
1897 – 1981
Effa Manley was co-owner of the Newark Eagles baseball franchise in the Negro leagues and the first woman inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. She owned the ball club with her husband Abe from 1935 to 1946 and was sole owner through 1948 after his death.
According to the book The Most Famous Woman in Baseball by Bob Luke, Effie was born through an extramarital union between her African American seamstress mother, Bertha Ford Brooks, and Bertha’s white employer, Philadelphia stockbroker John Marcus Bishop; therefore she may actually have been of mixed heritage.
She was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in February 2006.
For more information check out her biography at the Negro League Baseball Players Association website.